What is the Coolest Gas in the Universe?
What is the coldest air temperature ever recorded on Earth?Where was this low temperature recorded ?
The coldest recorded temperature on Earth was －91℃, which_____ (51) in Antarctica（南极洲）
We encounter an interesting situation when we discuss temperatures in_________(52).Temperatures
in Earth orbit（轨道）actually range from about +120℃ to －120℃. The temperature depends upon
______(53)you are in direct sunlight or in shade.Obviously，－120℃ is colder than our body can
The space temperatures just discussed affect only our area of the solar________(55).Obviously,it
is hotter closer to the Sun and colder as we travel__________(56)from the Sun,Scientigtg egtimate tern-
peratures at Pluto are about －210℃．How cold is the lowest estimated temperature in the entire universe?
Again,it depends upon your_________(57).We are taught it is supposedly__________(58)to have a
temperature below absolute zero,which is－273℃，at which atoms do not move.Two scientists,Cornell
and Wieman,have successfully______(59)down a gas to a temperature barely above absolute zero.
They won a Nobel Prize in Physics in 2001 for their work一not a discovery in this case.
Why is the two scientists'work so important to science?
In the 1920s，Satyendra Nath Bose was studying an interesting_______(60)about special light par-
tidles（微粒）we now call photons（光子）.Bose had trouble __________(61)other scientists to believe his
theory,so he contacted Albert Einstein. Einstein’s calculations helped him theorize that atoms_______(62)
behave as Bose thought一but only at very cold temperatures.
Scientists have also discovered that ultra-cold（超冷）atoms can help them make the world'S atomic
clocks even__________(63)accurate.These clocks are so accurate today they would oniy lose one second
_________ (64)six million years!Such accuracy will help us travel in space because digtanee is velocity
（速度）times time( d=vt).With the long distances involved in space _______(65),we need to know
time as accurately as possibie to get accurate distance.
由后面的or可知选whether , whether...or…是固定搭配，意为“是······还是······“。
由本段中第二句的“his theory”可知此处应填与之对应的“t1tneory” 。