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问题 Do we have to wear these name tags?A:listsB:formsC:labelsD:codes

问题 共用题干 第三篇Reading PoemNo poem should ever be discussed or"analyzed",until it has been read aloud by someone, teacher or student.Better still,perhaps,is the practice of reading it twice,once at the beginning of the discussion and once at the end,so the sound of the poem is the last thing one hears of it.All discussions of poetry are,in fact,preparations for reading it aloud,and the reading of the poem is,finally,the most telling"interpretation"of it,suggesting tone,rhythm, and meaning all at once.Hearing a poet read the work in his or her own voice,on records or on film,is obviously a special reward.But even those aids to teaching can not replace the student and teacher reading it or, best of all,reciting it.I have come to think,in fact,that time spent reading a poem aloud is much more important than"analyzing"it,if there isn't time for both.I think one of our goals as teachers of English is to have students love poetry.Poetry is"a criticism of life","a heightening of life,enjoyment with others".It is"an approach to the truth of feeling",and it"can save your life".It also deserves a place in the teaching of languages and literature more central than it presently occupies.I am not saying that every English teacher must teach poetry.Those who don't like it should not be forced to put that dislike on anyone else.But those who do teach poetry must keep in mind a few things about its essential nature,about its sound as well as its sense,and they must make room inthe classroom for hearing poetry as well as thinking about it.The recitation of a poetry by the teacher or a student in the classroom______.A:is the best way to understand itB:easily arouses some discussion among the studentsC:helps the teachers to analyse itD:can not take the place of the poet reading it analyse

问题 共用题干 Easy LearningStudents should be jealous.Not only do babies get to doze their days away,but they've alsomastered the fine art of learning in their sleep.By the time babies are a year old they can recognize a lot of sounds and even simple words. Marie Cheour at the university of Turku in Finland suspected that they might progress this fast be-cause they learn language while they sleep as well as when they are awake.To test the theory,Cheour and their colleagues studied 45 newborn babies in the first days of their lives.They exposed all the infants to an hour of Finnish vowel sounds一one that sounds like "oo",another like"ee"and a third boundary vowel peculiar to Finnish and similar languages that sounds like something in between.EEG recording of the infants brains before and after the session showed that the newborns could not distinguish the sounds.Fifteen of the babies then went back with their mothers,while the rest were split into two sleepstudy groups.One group was exposed throughout their night-time sleeping hours to the same three vowels,while the others listened to the other,easier-to-distinguish vowel sounds.When tested in the morning,and again in the evening,the babies who'd heard the tricky boundary vowels all night showed brainwave activity indicating that they could now recognize this sound.They could identify the sound even when its pitch was changed,while none of the other babies could pick up the boundary vowel at all.Cheour doesn't know how babies accomplish this night-time learning,but she suspects that the special ability might indicate that unlike adults,babies don't"turn off" their cerebral cortex while they sleep.The skill probably fades in the course of the first years of life,she add一so forget the idea that you can pick up the tricky French vowels as an adult just by slipping a language tape under your pillow. But while it may not help grown-ups,Cheour is hoping to use the sleeping hours to give remedial help to babies who are genetically at risk of language disorders.The study shows that the infant's cerebral cortex is working while he is asleep.A:Right B:Wrong C:Not mentioned

问题 共用题干 G8 SummitLeaders of the Group of Eight Major Industrialized Nations(G8)will meet in Scotland in July this year. Representatives from China,India,Mexico,South Africa and Brazil have also been invited.Here's what the G8 leaders want from the meeting.British Prime Minister Tony Blair wants the G8 to cancel debt to the world's poorest countries.He wants them to double aid to Africa to 50 billion pounds by 2010.He has also proposed reducing subsidies to Western farmers and removing restrictions on African exports. This has not got the approval of all members because it will hurt their agricultural interests.On climate change , Blair wants concerted(共同的)action by reducing carbon emissions(排放).US President George W.Bush agrees to give help to Africa.But he says he doesn't like the idea of increasing aid to countries as it will increase corruption.Bush said he would not sign an agreement to cut greenhouse gas emissions at the summit,according to media. The US is the only G8 member not to have signed the Kyoto Protocol(京都议定书). Although the US is the world's biggest polluter,Bush so far refuses to believe there is sufficient scientific data to establish beyond a doubt that there is a problem.French President Jacques Chirac supports Blair on Africa and climate change.He is determined to get the US to sign the climate change deal.German Chancellor Gerhard Schroder remains doubtful of Blair's Africa proposals. Schroder's officials have dismissed the notion that money will solve Africa's problems as"old thinking."Berlin says that African states should only receive extra money if they can provethey've solved the corruption problem.Russian President Vladimir Putin was doubtful about the value of more aid to Africa. But he has seen a way to make this work to his advantage.Putin intends to use the aid to Africa as a springboard(跳板)next year to propose aid to the former Soviet republics of Georgia,Uzbekistan,Tajikistan and Moldova.Japanese Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi's priorities are a seat on the UN Security Council,for which he will be lobbying(游说)at the summit. And he's concerned about the Democratic People's Republic of Korea's nuclear weapons programme. Japan will reject Blair's proposal to increase aid to Africa.A:Right B:Wrong C:Not mentioned

问题 共用题干 Heat Is Killer Extremely hot weather is common in many parts of the world.Although hot weather just makes most people feel hot,it can_______(51)serious medical problems-even death.Floods,storms,volcano eruptions and other natural______(52)kill thousands of people every year.So______(53) extreme heat.Experts say heat may be nature's deadliest killer, Recently,extreme heat was blamed ______(54)killing more than one hundred people in India.It is reported that the total heat of a hot day or several days can______(55)health.Several hot days are considered a heat wave.Experts say heat waves often become dangerous when the nighttime temperature does not_______(56)much from the highest daytime temperature.This causes great stress on the human body. Doctors say people can do many things to______(57)themselves from the dangers of extreme heat. Stay out of the sun,if possible.Drink lots of cool water.Wear light colored clothing made______(58) natural materials;avoid wearing synthetic clothing.Make sure the clothing is______(59),permitting freedom of movement.And learn the danger______(60)of the medical problems,such as headache and vomiting,that are linked to heat.Most people suffer only muscle pain as a(n)______(61)of heat stress.The fiain is a______(62)that the body is becoming too hot.Doctors say those suffering headache or muscle pain should stop all activity,rest in a cool place and drink cool liquids.Do not return to physical _______(63)for a few hours because more serious conditions could develop. Doctors say some people face an______(64)danger from heat stress.Such persons have a weak or damaged heart,high blood pressure,or other problems of the blood system. Hot Weather also increases dangers for people who must take______(65)for high blood pressure, poor blood flow,nervousness or depression.61._________A:influence B:result C:effect D:view

问题 共用题干 The FamilyThe structure of a family takes different forms around the world and even in the same society.The family's form changes as it adapts to changing social and economic influences.Until recently,the most common form in North America was the nuclear family,consisting of a married couple with their minor children.The nuclear family is an independent unit,It must be prepared to fend for itself.Individual family members strongly depend on one another.There is little help from outside the family in emergencies.Elderly relatives of a nuclear family are cared for only if it is possible for the family to do so.In North America,the elderly often do not live with the family;they live in retirement communities and nursing homes.There are many parallels between the nuclear family in industrial societies,such asNorth America,and of families in societies such as that of the Inuits,who live in harsh environments.The nuclear family structure is well adapted to a life of mobility.In harsh conditions,mobility allows the family to hunt for food.For North Americans,the hunt for jobs and improved social status also requires mobility.The nuclear family was not always the North American standard.In a more agrarian time,the small nuclear family was usually part of a larger extended family.This might have included grandparents,mother and father,brothers and sisters,uncles,aunts,and cousins.In North America today,there is a dramatic rise in the number of single-parent households.Twice as many households in the United States are headed by divorced,separated,or nevermarried individuals as are comprised of nuclear families.The structure of the family,not just in North America,but throughout the world,continues to change as it adapts to changing conditions.Another good title for this passage would be______.A:.What Makes a Family?B:The Life of the InuitsC:Living With HardshipD:The Failure of the Nuclear Family

问题 共用题干 Economic Reform in ChinaMore US sinologists have expressed confidence in China'S economic reform and the prospects for Chi-na's modernization."if the reforms are implemented,"said Doak Barnett,professor of Johns Hopkins University,theywould________(51)the trend towards more significant and the broader economic ties between China andthe United States,which will have in some respects,a favorable impact________(52)political rela-tions."Also these__________(53)will reinforce trend for China to become more steadily involved in the in-ternational economics and the international community."Barnett believes the________(54)is desirable,from China's point of________(55),and for the international community,the more active China is in the international community,the larger role it may________(56)in world affairs."He said.In the direction of changing the economic system,China has made________(57)progress."Personally,I think China has a capacity for moving________(58)in this direction,and I'm fair-ly confident that the Chinese leadership will________(59)to move in this direction."Alfred D.Wilhelm,project director of China Policy________(60)the Next Decade and senior fellow at the Atlantic Council,________(61)the economic changes will enable China and US to deal with each other on a more equal basis."Chinese and Americans now have opportunity to________(62)fully in China's economic develop-ment and reciprocally(相互),Chinese will be able to ___________ (63) technical and financial support from the American business community."Wilhelm said,"________(64) China has established laws and legislations(法规)to help its open-policy,American business now has the confidence to deal with the system,as they know their________(65) will be protected."_________(51)A:confirm B:force C:reinforce D:realize

问题 共用题干 Ford1 Ford's great strength was the manufacturing process一not invention.Long before he started a car company,he was a worker,known for picking up pieces of metal and wireand turning them into machines.He started putting cars together in 1891.Although it was by no means the first popular automobile,the Model T showed the world just how creative Ford was at combining technology and market.2 The company's assembly line alone threw America's Industrial Revolution into overdrive (高速运转).Instead of having workers put together the entire car, Ford's friends, who were great toolmakers from Scotland,organized teams that added parts to each Model T as it moved down a line.By the time Ford's Highland Park plant was humming(嗡嗡作响) along in 1914,the world's first automatic conveyor belt could turn out a car every 93 minutes.3 The same year Henry Ford shocked the world with the $ 5-a-day minimum wage scheme,the greatest contribution he had ever made.The average wage in the autoindustry then was $2.34 for a 9-hour shift.Ford not only doubled that,he also took an hour off the workday.In those years it was unthinkable that a man could be paid that much for doing something that didn't involve an awful lot of training or education.The Wall Street Journal called the plan"an economic crime",and critics everywhere laughed at Ford.4 But as the wage increased later to daily $10,it proved a critical component of Ford's dream to make the automobile accessible(可及的)to all.The critics were too stupid to understand that because Ford had lowered his costs per car,the higher wages didn't matter一except for making it possible for more people to buy cars.Ford's cars became available to ordinary people thanks to_________.A:criticized by the mediaB:the low wage in the auto industryC:their lower pricesD:produce cars in large numbersE:the 8-hour shiftF:combined technology and market

问题 The police took fingerprints and identified the body.A:discovered B:touched C:missed D:recognized

问题 共用题干 The Value of TearsTears can ruin make-up,bring conversation to a stop,and give you a runny nose. They can leave you embarrassed and without energy. However,crying is a fact of life,and tears are very useful.Even when you're not crying,your eyes produce tears.These create a film over the eye's surface.This film contains a substance that protects your eyes against infection.Tears relieve stress.but we tend to fight them for all sorts of reasons."People worry about showing their emotions.They're afraid that once they lose control,they'll never get it back." explains psychologist Dorothy Rowe."As children we were sometimes punished for shedding tears or expressing anger. As adults we still fear the consequences of showing emotions."Almost any emotion-good or bad,happy or sad-can cause tears. Crying is a way mat we release buil-up emotions.Tears help you when you feel you are ready to explode because of very strong feelings.It may explain why people who are afraid to cry often suffer more heart attacks than people who cry more freely.When some people become very stressed,however,they can't cry.They may be feeling shock, anger, fear, or grief, but they repress(抑制)the emotion. "Everyone has the need to cry,"says psychotherapist(精神治疗师)Vera Diamond. Sometimes in therapy sessions, patients participate in crying exercises.They practice crying so that they can get used to expressing emo- tion .Diamond says it's best to cry in safe,private places,like under the bedcovers or in the car. That's because many people get uncomfortable when others cry in front of them. In fact,they may be repressing their own need to cry.In certain situations,such as at work,tears are not appropriate.It's good to hold back tears during a tense business discussion."But once you are safely behind closed doors,don't just cry," Diamond says.She suggests that you act out the whole situation again and be as noisy and angry as you like.It will help you feel better."And,she adds,"Once our tears have released the stress,you can begin to think of logical ways to deal with the problem." Tears are a sign of our ability to feel.You should never be afraid to cry. The word"film"in Paragraph 1 is closest in meaning to______.A: doorB: pointC: coatD: level

问题 共用题干 HitchhikingWhen I was in my teens(十几岁)and 20s , hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport. The kindness or curiosity of strangers__________(51)me all over Europe, North America, Asia and southern Africa. Some of the lift-givers became friends,many provided hospitality _________(52)the road.Not only did you find out much more about a country than________(53)traveling by train or plane,but also there was that element of excitement about where you would finish up that night. Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture.It has books and songs about it.So what has happened to________(54)?A few years ago,I asked the same question about hitchhiking in a column on a newspaper. __________(55)of people from all over the world responded with their view on the state of hitchhiking."If there is a hitchhiker's_________(56)it must be Iran,"came one reply. Rural Ireland was recommended as a friendly place for hitchhiking,_________(57)was Quebec,Canada."if you don't mind being berated(严厉指责)for not speaking French."But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world,the_________ (58 ) feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed(消亡).With so much news about crime in the media,people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we___________(59)to be so wary both to hitchhike and to give a lift?In Poland in the l960s,________(60)a Polish woman who e-mailed me,"the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker's Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for drivers,so each time a driver _________(61)somebody,he or she received a coupon.At the end of the season,________(62) who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes.Everybody was hitchhiking then."Surely this is a good idea for society.Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down _________(63)between strangers.It would help fight_________(64)warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels.It would also improve educational standards by delivering instant__________(65)in geography,history,politics and sociology._________(60)A:according to B:owing to C:dueto D:with respect to

问题 共用题干 Traffic in Our CitiesThe volume of traffic in many cities in the world today continues to expand.This causes many problems,including serious air pollution,lengthy delays,and the greater risk______(1)accidents.Clearly,something must be done,but it is often difficult to persuade people to______(2)their habits and leave their cars at home. One possible______(3)is to make it more expensive for people to use their cars by ______(4)charges for parking and______(5)tougher fines for anyone who______(6) the law.In addition,drivers could be required to pay for using particular routes at different times of the day.This system,______(7)as“road pricing”,is already being introduced in a______(8)of cities,using a special electronic card______(9)to the windscreen of the car.Another way of______(10)with the problem is to provide cheap parking on the ______(11)of the city,and strictly control the number of vehicles allowed into the centre.Drivers and their passengers then use a special bus______(12)for the final stage of their journey. Of course,the most important______(13)is to provide good public transport.How-ever,to get people to______(14)the comfort of their cars,public transport must be felt to be reliable,convenient and comfortable,with fares______(15)at an acceptable level.2._________A:acquireB:arrangeC:supportD:change

问题 共用题干 Economic Reform in ChinaMore US sinologists have expressed confidence in China'S economic reform and the prospects for Chi-na's modernization."if the reforms are implemented,"said Doak Barnett,professor of Johns Hopkins University,theywould________(51)the trend towards more significant and the broader economic ties between China andthe United States,which will have in some respects,a favorable impact________(52)political rela-tions."Also these__________(53)will reinforce trend for China to become more steadily involved in the in-ternational economics and the international community."Barnett believes the________(54)is desirable,from China's point of________(55),and for the international community,the more active China is in the international community,the larger role it may________(56)in world affairs."He said.In the direction of changing the economic system,China has made________(57)progress."Personally,I think China has a capacity for moving________(58)in this direction,and I'm fair-ly confident that the Chinese leadership will________(59)to move in this direction."Alfred D.Wilhelm,project director of China Policy________(60)the Next Decade and senior fellow at the Atlantic Council,________(61)the economic changes will enable China and US to deal with each other on a more equal basis."Chinese and Americans now have opportunity to________(62)fully in China's economic develop-ment and reciprocally(相互),Chinese will be able to ___________ (63) technical and financial support from the American business community."Wilhelm said,"________(64) China has established laws and legislations(法规)to help its open-policy,American business now has the confidence to deal with the system,as they know their________(65) will be protected."_________(62)A:approve B:participate C:express D:promote

问题 共用题干 HitchhikingWhen I was in my teens(十几岁)and 20s , hitchhiking was a main form of long-distance transport. The kindness or curiosity of strangers__________(51)me all over Europe, North America, Asia and southern Africa. Some of the lift-givers became friends,many provided hospitality _________(52)the road.Not only did you find out much more about a country than________(53)traveling by train or plane,but also there was that element of excitement about where you would finish up that night. Hitchhiking featured importantly in Western culture.It has books and songs about it.So what has happened to________(54)?A few years ago,I asked the same question about hitchhiking in a column on a newspaper. __________(55)of people from all over the world responded with their view on the state of hitchhiking."If there is a hitchhiker's_________(56)it must be Iran,"came one reply. Rural Ireland was recommended as a friendly place for hitchhiking,_________(57)was Quebec,Canada."if you don't mind being berated(严厉指责)for not speaking French."But while hitchhiking was clearly still alive and well in many parts of the world,the_________ (58 ) feeling was that throughout much of the west it was doomed(消亡).With so much news about crime in the media,people assumed that anyone on the open road without the money for even a bus ticket must present a danger. But do we___________(59)to be so wary both to hitchhike and to give a lift?In Poland in the l960s,________(60)a Polish woman who e-mailed me,"the authorities introduced the Hitchhiker's Booklet. The booklet contained coupons for drivers,so each time a driver _________(61)somebody,he or she received a coupon.At the end of the season,________(62) who had picked up the most hikers were rewarded with various prizes.Everybody was hitchhiking then."Surely this is a good idea for society.Hitchhiking would increase respect by breaking down _________(63)between strangers.It would help fight_________(64)warming by cutting down on fuel consumption as hitchhikers would be using existing fuels.It would also improve educational standards by delivering instant__________(65)in geography,history,politics and sociology._________(57)A:like B:as C:for D:since

问题 共用题干 第三篇Internet ShoppingInternet shopping is a new way of shopping. Nowadays,you can shop for just about anything from your armchair. All you need is a computer which is linked to the Internet. Shopping on the Internet is becoming increasingly popular. In the United States,people spent over U.S. $2.5 billion on Internet shopping in 1998.This figure is expected to reach U.S.$11 billion by the year 2004.People can shop for a variety of products on the Internet.Physical products include items such as books,CDs,clothes and foods.These types of products are the most common purchases through the Internet.You can also buy information products such as on-line news or magazine stories,or you can download computer software through the Internet.Services such as booking airline tickets,reser-ving hotels or renting cars are also available on the Internet.You can also go shopping on the Inter-net for entertainment services and take part in on-line games.Internet shopping offers a number of benefits for the shopper. The most important advantage is convenience.You can shop whenever you like as the on-line shops are open 24 hours a day and you don't have to queue with other shoppers at the check-out counters.Secondly,it is easy to find what you are looking for on the Internet.Even out-of-print books may be ordered on line.Finally,it is often cheaper to buy goods through the Internet,and you can tell the shop exactly what you want.The main disadvantage of Internet shopping is that you cannot actually see the products you are buying or check their quality.Also,many people enjoy shopping in the city and miss the opportunity to talk to friends.Some people are worried about paying for goods using credit cards,so Internet companies are now finding ways to make on-line payment safe.Internet shopping is sure to become more and more popular in the years ahead.It promises to change the way we buy all kinds of things一from tonight's dinner to a new car.The most proper title for this passage is"_________".A:People Enjoy Many Ways of ShoppingB:The Advantages and Disadvantages of Internet ShoppingC:The Bright Future of Internet ShoppingD:A New Way of Shopping一Internet Shopping