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职称英语(卫生) 问题列表
问题 I propose that we discuss this at the next meeting.A:suggest B:request C:demand D:order

问题 共用题干 Going on a DietA typical person needs about 1,800 calories per day to stay alive. These calories keep your heart___ 1 ___and your lungs breathing. They keep your organs operating___ 2___ and,your brain running. They also keep your body warm. A person___ 3___weight because he or she consumes more calories per day than needed. The only way to lose fat is to ___4 ___the number of calories that you consume per day. This is the basic___5___behind going on a diet.Unfortunately,diets don't___6___or most people. They do lose weight but then go ___7___the diet and put it back. Building a sensible diet and exercise plan is the key to___8___ consistent weight. You need to figure out how many calories you need in a day and how many you ___9___take in. The next step is to add exercise so that you can ___10___the number of cal-onies you can consume per day.Exercise charts can show you how many calories different___11___of exercise can burn.Burning 250 or 500 calories per day can___12___ a big difference. You can ride an exercise bike while you are watching TV or you can ___13___ the stairs instead of the elevator. Find an exer- cise___14___.Exercise can be a lot easier if there is someone to talk to. It's a good idea to wear firm-fitting clothes if you are on a diet.___15___clothing acts as a reminder of what you are trying to accomplish.6._________A: workB: startC: changeD: balance

问题 共用题干 The volume of traffic in many cities in the world today continues to expand.This causes many problems, including serious air pollution, lengthy(漫长的)delays, and the greater risk__________ (51)accidents.Clearly,something must be done,but it is often difficult to_________(52)people to change their habits and leave their cars at home.One possible__________(53)is to make it more expensive for people to use their cars by __________(54)charges for parking and__________(55)tougher fines for anyone who_________(56) the law. In addition,drivers could be required to pay for using particular routes at different times of the day.This system,_________(57)as"road pricing",is already being introduced in a_________ (58)of cities,using a special electronic card_________(59)to the windscreen of the car.Another way of__________(60)with the problem is to provide cheap parking on the________(61)of the city,and strictly control the number of vehicles allowed into the centre.Drivers and their passengers then use a special bus service for the_________(62)stage of their journey.Of course,the most important_________(63)is to provide good public transport. However,to get people to_________(64)the comfort of their cars,public transport must be felt to be reliable (可靠的),convenient and comfortable , with fares _________( 65 ) at an acceptable level._________(64)A:pass on B:throw awayC:give up D:leave out

问题 What can you do to ensure that you will stay healthy?A:be assured B:insist C:prove D:secure

问题 共用题干 第二篇A Desert Between Paul and ClaraPaul had long promised to marry Clara.But at thirty-three he met and married Alice. Clara was driven mad.Paul was taken to court.The judge ordered him to pay Clara$600 because of the broken promise.Paul had to borrow the money from a moneylender. He agreed to pay back$5 a month一for twenty years.His wages at the time were$16 a month,Paul and Alice were poor but not unhappy.They had little enough food,certainly, even before the children began to arrive.Each month Paul paid$5 to the moneylender. He worked hard,never taking a holiday,In time,there were seven mouths to feed.Illness was always with them.It grew serious when the oldest child was eight.The years of hunger weakened the family,because each month Paul paid$5.The details of the sickness were ugly,but the result was this:after twelve years of family life,Paul was alone in the world.He lived alone,except for memories.Work was not now a god for him:it was a pain-killer. Each month he paid,and in time the twenty years ended.From that moment his wages were his own.One day,it was a holiday一he went to the seaside.He sat down on a seat by the sea. A middle-aged woman came and sat down near him.They recognized each other at once.The woman said,"The$600 has been in the bank since the day it was paid to me.It is now$6,000,and I have kept it for you.Will you let me share it with you?""No,"said Paul,gently."Each thousand is a lost life in a desert between us.It can never bring any happiness." How many children did Paul and Alice have?A:Two. B:Four.C:Five. D:Eight.

问题 He grasped both of my hands and begged me to help him out.A:understood B:had a hold over C:took hold of D:left hold of

问题 共用题干 Hospital MistreatmentAccording to a study,most medical interns report experiencing mistreatment,including humiliation by senior doctors,______(51)threatened,or physical abuse in their first year out of medica1 school.The findings come from analysis of the______(52) a 13-page survey mailed in January 1991 to 1,733 second-year residents.The survey and______(53)appear in the April 15th issue of the Journal of the American Medical Association.Overall, out of the 1, 277 residents ______ (54)completed surveys, 1, 1 85 said that they had experienced at least one incident of mistreatment in their intern year.______(55)reporting incidents where they were abused,more than 45%of the residents said they had witnessed at least one incident where other persons______(56)false medical records.Moreover,nearly three quarters of the residents said they had witnessed mistreatment of patients by other residents,attending physicians,or nurses.Almost 40% said patient mistreatment was a frequent______(57).More than 10%of the residents said they were______(58)to have enough sleep,and the average number of hours______(59)sleep was 37.6.The average on-call time during a______(60)week was 56.9 hours,but about 25%of the residents said their on-call assignments were more than 80 hours some weeks.______(61)30% of the residents said they experienced some type of sexual harassment or discrimination,verbal abuse was the most common problem cited.When abusive incidents were limited to events occurring three or more times,53%of the respondents reported that they______(62)belittled or humiliated by more senior residents,while just over 21% reported someone taking credit for their work.Being "______(63)tasks for punishment,"being pushed,kicked or hit,"and______(64) someone"threatening your reputation or career,"were reported as a more______(65)occurrence by over 10% of the responding residents.52._________A:responsive B:responses to C:respond to D:responding

问题 共用题干 1.If you want to stay young,sit down and have a good think.This is the research finding of a team of Japanese doctors,who say that most of our brains are not getting enough exercise一and as a result,we are ageing unnecessarily soon.2.Professor Taiju Matsuzawa wanted to find out why otherwise healthy farmers in northern Japan appeared to be losing their ability to think and reason at a relatively early age,and how the process of ageing could be slowed down.3.With a team of colleagues at Tokyo National University,he set about measuring brain yolumes of a thousand people of different ages and varying occupations.4.Computer technology enabled the researchers to obtain precise measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain, which relate to intellect(智能)and emotion, and determine the human character. The rear section of the brain,which controls functions like eating and breathing,does not contract with age,and one can continue living without intellectual or emotional faculties.5.Contraction of front and side parts一as cells die off —was observed in some subjects in their thirties,but it was still not evident in some sixty-and seventy-year-olds.6.Matsuzawa concluded from his tests that there is a simple remedy to the contraction normally associated with age一using the head.7.The findings show in general terms that contraction of the brain begins sooner in people in the country than in the towns.Those least at risk,says Matsuzawa,are lawyers,followed by university professors and doctors.White collar workers doing routine work in government offices are,however, as likely to have shrinking brains as the farm worker,bus driver and shop assistant.8.Matsuzawa's findings show that thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking. Blood must circulate properly in the head to supply the fresh oxygen the brain cells need."The best way to maintain good blood circulation is through using the brain,"he says,"Think hard and engage in conversation.Don't rely on pocket calculators."Paragraph 1________A:Thinking can prevent the brain from shrinking.B:The reason why people are aging.C:Scientists have worked out a way to keep people healthy.D:Computer technology.E:The different time of brain contraction between people in the country and in the towns. F: Measurements of the volume of the front and side sections of the brain.

问题 共用题干 Friendly Relations with the People Around1. You depend on all the people closely around to give you the warm feeling of belongingness(归属)that you must have to feel secure.But, in fact,the members of all the groups to which youbelong also depend on you to give that feeling to them .A person who shows that he wants everything for himself is bound(一定的)to be a lonely wolf.2. The need for companionship is closely related to the need for a sense of belongingness.How sad and lonely your life would be if you had no one to share your feelings and experiences.You may take it for granted that there will always be people around to talk to and to do things with you and for you .The important point,however,is that keeping emotionally healthy does not depend so much upon having people around you as upon your ability to establish relationships that are satisfying both to you and to them.3. Suppose you are in a crowd watching a football game.You don't know them.When the game is over,you will all go your separate ways.But just for a while you had a feeling of companionship,of sharing the feelings of others who were cheering for the team you wanted to win.4. An experience of this kind gives the clue(线索)to what companionship really is. It depends upon emotional ties of sympathy,understanding,trust,and affection.Companions become friends when these ties are formed.5. When you are thrown in a new circle of acquaintances(熟人),you may not know with whom you will make friends,but you can be sure that you will be able to establish friendships if you show that you really like people. The ability to establish fine relations with others will keep you______.A: without pityB: sad and lonelyC: emotionally healthyD: without real love for themE: a sense of securityF: a lonely wolf

问题 共用题干 One useful anti-cancer drug can effectively erase the whorls(箩状指纹)and other characteristic marks that give people their distinctive fingerprints.Losing_________(51)could become troublesome. A case released online in a letter by Annals of Oncology(《肿瘤学年报》)indicates how big a_________(52)of losing fingerprints is.Eng-Huat Tan,a Singapore-based medical doctor describes a 62-year old man who has used capecitabine(卡培他滨,一种化疗药物)to _________( 53 ) his nasopharyngeal(鼻炎的)cancer.After three years on the_________(54),the patient decided to visit U.S.relatives last December. But he was stopped by U.S. customs officials__________(55)4 hours after entering the country when those officials couldn't get fingerprints from the man. There were no distinctive swirly(旋涡状的)_________(56)appearing from his index finger.U.S.customs has been fingerprinting incoming foreign visitors for years,Tan says.Their index fingers are _________(57)and screened against digital files of the fingerprints of bad guys一terrorists and potential criminals that our federal guardians have been tasked with keeping out of the coun-try. Unfortunately,for the Singaporean traveler,one potential_________(58)effect of his drug treatment is a smoothing of the tissue on the finger pads.__________(59),no fingerprints."It is uncertain when fingerprint loss will__________(60)to take place in patients who are taking capecitabine,"Tan points out. So he cautions any physicians who________(61)the drug to provide their patients with a doctor's note pointing out that their medicine may cause fingerprints to disappear.Eventually,the Singapore traveler made it into the United States.I guess the name on his passport didn't raise any red flags.But he is also now got the explanatory doctor's note一and won't leave home _________(62)it.By the way,maybe the Food and Drug Administration,__________(63)approved use of the drug 11 years ago,should consider_________(64)its list of side effects associated with this medicine.The current list does note that patients may experience vomiting,stomach pain and some other side effects.But no where________(65)it mention the potential for loss of fingerprints._________(58)A:normal B:good C:main D:side

问题 共用题干 Intelligence:a Changed View 1. Intelligence was believed to be a fixed entity,some faculty of the mind that we all possess and which determines in some way the extent of our achievements.Its value therefore,was as a predic-tor of children's future learning. If they differed markedly in their ability to learn complex tasks, then it was clearly necessary to educate them differently and the need for different types of school and even different ability groups within school was obvious.Intelligence tests could be used for streaming children according to ability at an early age;and at 11 these tests were superior to measures of attainment for selecting children for different types of secondary education. 2. Today,we are beginning to think differently. In the last few years,research has thrown doubt on the view that innate intelligence can ever be measured and on the very nature of intelligence it-self. There is considerable evidence now which shows the great influence of environment both on a-chievement and intelligence.Children with poor home backgrounds not only do less well in their school work and intelligence tests but their performance tends to deteriorate gradually compared with that of their more fortunate classmates. 3 .There are evidences that support the view that we have to distinguish between genetic intelli- gence and observed intelligence.Any deficiency in the appropriate genes will restrict development no matter how stimulating the environment. We cannot observe and measure innate intelligence, whereas we can measure the effects of the interaction of whatever is inherited with whatever stimu-lation has been received from the environment. Researches have been investigation what happens in this interaction. 4. Two major findings have emerged from these researches.Firstly,the greater part of the devel-opment of observed intelligence occurs in the earliest years of life.It is estimated that 50 per cent of measurable intelligence at age 17 is already predictable by the age of four. Secondly,the most important factors in the environment are language and psychological aspects of the parent-child re- lationship.Much of the difference in measured intelligence between“privileged”and“disadvan- taged”children may be due to the latter's lack of appropriate verbal stimulation and the poverty of their perceptual experiences. 5. These research findings have led to a revision in our understanding of the nature of intelli- gence.Instead of it being some largely inherited fixed power of the mind,we now see it as a set of developed skills which a person copes with any environment. These skills have to be learned and, indeed,one of them is learning how to learn. 6 .The modern ideas concerning the nature of intelligence are bound to have some effect on our school system.In one respect a change is already occurring.With the move toward comprehensive education and the development of unstreamed classes,fewer children will be given the label “low IQ”which must inevitably condemn a child in his own,if not society's eyes.The idea that we can teach children to be intelligent in the same way that we can teach them reading or arithmetic is ac-cepted by more and more people.It was once believed_______,and thus we can tell how successful he/she will be in the fu-ture according to his/her intelligence.A: born to be more intelligent or less intelligentB: have a better chance to develop his intelligenceC:taught to be more intelligentD:that intelligence was something a baby was born withE: and because of the lack of communication with his classmatesF: and partly has to do with a child's living environment

问题 They relied on the advice of their professional advisers.A:lived on B:depended on C:lived off D:believed in

问题 共用题干 第一篇Cooking Oil Fumes Cause TumorThe leading cause of lung cancer among women in the city was cooking oil fumes while men are more likely to develop the disease from smoking,said medical experts after a five-year research study.Doctors announced the results yesterday with analysis on some new tendencies on lung cancer. They said patients are younger,especially women.According to the Shanghai Tumor Research Institute,more local residents die of lung cancer in the city than anything else.Following breast cancer,it has the second-highest incidence rate."An unhealthy lifestyle is a very important reason for lung cancer,"said Dr. He Yumin from Shanghai Minshen Traditional Medicine Tumor Diagnosis and Treatment Centre.He followed 2, 276 lung cancer patients for five years.Among them,1,483 were male.Smoking causes 70 percent of cases among men while only 18 percent of female patients developed cancer from smoking or inhaling second-hand smoke,according to the report.However,more than 60 percent of women with the disease had long term,close contact with strong oil fumes from cooking and complained about irritated eyes and throat.About 32 percent women fried foods in boiling oil in unventilated kitchens and about 25 percent of women's bedrooms were adjacent to the kitchen.However,local women were surprised to learn cooking oil fumc、 could lead to cancer. Some claimed they may change food preparation methods."Unless my family and I don't eat at home every day,I must stay in the kitchen to cook,"said Xu Li,a 45-year-old local woman."I know the fumes are bad for the skin,but it is the first time that I heard it result in lung cancer. I have already started frying less."Doctors said women's lung cancer had few links to personal health and physical condition, but was closely related to family cancer history,unhealthy dietary habits and weak immune systems.Other experts agreed with him."Smoking is by far the biggest cause of lung cancer for men,"said Dr. Tan Binyong,honorary president of the Respiratory Disease Institute at Fudan University's Medical College."It's true that second-hand smoke and cooking fumes are the main causes among women."His research also warned people not to stand near of stalls selling fried food due to the poor quality of the oils used.The chance of catching lung cancer is three times higher if one is exposed to the fume for a long time, experts said.What was the local women's reaction when they learned that cooking oil fumes could lead to cancer?A:Happy.B:Surprised.C:Angry.D:Careless.

问题 共用题干 第一篇Heat and HealthExtremely hot weather is common in many parts of the world.Although hot weather just makes most people hot,it can cause medical problems and death.Health experts say that since the year 1900,extremely hot weather has killed more people in the United States than any other natural event.One year一the unusually hot summer of 1980一heat caused about 1,700 deaths in the United States.In 1995,more than 600 people died in a similar heat wave in one city一Chicago.To measure extreme heat,government weather experts have developed the Mean Heat Index.It measures the average of how hot it is felt all day on an extremely hot day.Experts say it is the total heat of a hot day or several hot days that can affect health.Several hot days are considered a heat wave.Experts say heat waves often become deadly when the nighttime temperature does not drop much from the highest daytime temperature.The most common medical problem caused by hot weather is heat stress.It is also least severe.For most people,the only result of heat stress is muscle pain.The pain is a warning that the body is becoming too hot. Doctors say drinking water will help the pain disappear after the body again has the right amounts of water and salt.For some people, however,the result is much more serious.For example,doctors say some people face a greatly increased danger from heat stress.These people have a weak or damaged heart,high blood pressure,or other problems of the blood system.Severe heat can help cause a heart attack or stroke.Health experts say this is the most common cause of death linked to hot weather. A heat wave is a period of time during whichA:the weather is much better than usual.B:the nights are much longer than usual.C:the weather is much hotter than usual.D:the days are much longer than usual.

问题 共用题干 Young adults who are fit have a higher IQ and are more._________(51)to go on to university,reveals a major new study carried out at the Sahlgrenska Academy and Sahlgrenska University Hospital.The results were recently published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences(《美国国家科学院院刊》).The study involved 1.2 million Swedish men doing military service who were born between 1950 and 1976.The research group analyzed the_________(52)of both physical and IQ tests the youngsters took right after they started serving the army.The study shows a clear link_________(53) good physical fitness and better results for the IQ test.The strongest links are for__________(54) thinking and verbal comprehension.But it is only fitness that plays a________(55)in the results for the IQ test,and not strength."Being fit means that you also have good heart and lung________(56)and that your brain gets plenty of________(57),"says Michael Nilsson,professor at the Sahlgrenska Academy and chief physician at the Sahlgrenska University Hospital."This may be one of the reasons_________(58) we can see a clear link with fitness, but not with muscular(肌肉的)__________(59).We are also seeing that there are growth factors that are important."By analyzing data for twins,the researchers have been __________(60) to determine that it is primarily environmental factors and not genes that explain the link between fitness and a_________(61)IQ."We have also shown that those youngsters who_________(62)their physical fitness between the ages of 15 and 18 increase their cognitive performance,"says Maria Aberg,researcher at the Sahlgrenska Academy and physician at Aby health centre."This being the case,physical__________(63)is a subject that has an important place in schools,and is an absolute must if we want to do well in maths and other theoretical subjects."The researchers have also compared the results from fitness tests _________(64)national service with the socio-economic status of the men later in _________(65).Those who were fit at 18 were more likely to go into higher education,and many secured more qualified jobs._________(54)A:logical B:critical C:typical D:positive